Thomas H Johnson died 3 September 1872

Thomas Johnson was born about July 1794 in Russell County, Virginia, the son of Thomas H Johnson and Francis Dickenson.  The Johnson family moved to Carter County, Tennessee.  On 16 October 1817, the younger Thomas H Johnson married Delilah Wilson, in Carter county, the daughter of William and Rachel Wilson.   I was not able to find the Thomas Johnson in the earliest census records. 

Because of the geography of the area, it was difficult for people in that part of Carter County to get to the county seat to conduct business.  The elder Johnson led the movement to create another county.  Although he died before it was approved, the new county was named Johnson in his honor. 

The court records of Johnson County show that the first session of the County Court was held on May 2, 1836, with the following magistrates: John Ward, Thomas Johnson, A. L. Wilson, Jared Arendill, J. W. Warren, Joseph Robinson, James W. Wright, A. Wilson, James Brown, Jesse Cole, Levi Heath, M. M. Wagner, John Dugger, Sr., and Philip Shull. The elder Thomas Johnson died about 1835, so the magistrate named is probably his son, the subject of this posting. 

Thomas and Delilah had ten children:  William (1818-1897), Thomas A (1821-1875), Alfred (1823-1851), Barbary (1825-?), Rachael (1829-died young), Saraphine (1832-died young), John Good (1834-?), Mary E (1839-1873) Catherine D (1840-after 1870), Susanna. 

The 1840 United States Federal Census for the newly created Johnson County lists only the head of the household, but lists the number of people, male or female, in certain age groups.  We can match the children to the census: 

Free White Persons – Males – 5 thru 9: 1 (John)

Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 2 (Alfred & Thomas, William was married)

Free White Persons – Males – 40 thru 49: 1 Thomas (the father)

Free White Persons – Females – Under 5: 1 (Catherine)

Free White Persons – Females – 5 thru 9: 1 (Mary)

Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14: 1 (Barbary)

Free White Persons – Females – 30 thru 39: 1 (Delilah)

Total – All Persons (Free White, Free Colored, Slaves): 8

Persons Employed in Agriculture: 3

Free White Persons – Under 20: 6

Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 2

Total Free White Persons: 8

Total All Persons – Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 8

The 1850 census lists the Johnson family living in District 1 of Johnson County.  Besides Thomas and Delilah, the children still at home are Rachel, Seraphina, John, and Catherine.  Thomas’ mother Rachel, age 91, lives with them. 

The 1850 slave ownership list shows that Thomas and Delilah owned 1 black male age 33, 1 black female age 17, and 1 mulatto male age 1.  In this census, slaves were counted but names were not recorded.

The 1860 census lists the family in Johnson County, living at Words Forge.  Thomas is a farmer with real estate valued at $3000 and personal property at $5400.  Catherine is the only child still at home. 

The 1860 Slave Owners list shows that Thomas Johnson owned 1 black male age 45, one black female age 30, and three male mulattos, age 11, 8, and 1. Again, the slaves are not named, so I cannot tell if these are the same people from the 1850 census. 

Thomas was listed in the 1862 IRS tax assessment list.  He had 609 acres, valued at $2600, taxed at $9.10.    

Thomas’ wife Delilah died 24 March 1869 in Mountain City, Johnson County TN.  She is buried at Laurel Creek in the Johnson cemetery. 

In 1870, Thomas lived in Taylorsville (another name for Mountain City).  He was the head of the household, and his daughter Catherine and her husband and children lived with them.  Thomas still listed his occupation as farmer, with real estate valued at $800 and personal property at $400.  I wonder if the Civil War had an effect on his property value. 

Thomas died 3 September 1872 in Laurel Bloomery, and is also buried at the Johnson cemetery.   



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