Lt. Col. Fredrick Ellis Jones, MD

Fred Jones was born about 1873, in Quincy, Massachusetts, son of Frederick L Jones and Alice C Richardson.  Fred’s father was a granite manufacturer and Civil War veteran.  Some family trees on line list his mother as Alice Ellis, but Fred’s marriage record, and the birth records of his brothers, both name the mother as Richardson.  

Fred enlisted in the Army on 6 July 1891, and served in the 5th Infantry, Company K, discharging 30 September 1892.  

Fred attended Harvard University, and received his Doctor of Medicine degree in 1897.   On 2 June, 1898, Fred married Clara Louise Graham, daughter of John R Graham and Mary E B Penniman, born 27 October 1873 in Quincy.  Their first daughter, Dorothy Brooks, was born 9 October, 1899. 

The 1900 census lists the family at 52 Hancock street.  Fred was working as a physician.  The family was well enough off that they had a servant.  The record shows that Clara has had one child, with one child still living.  The second daughter, Ruth, was born later that year, on October 20th.  Daughter Clarice was born 20 February, 1902.  Sadly, the first daughter, Dorothy, died 8 April 1903, of meningitis.  The first son, Graham, was born 23 October 1903, followed by Virginia, just over a year later, on 20 December 1904.  Virginia lived less than a year, dying 21 August 1905, of gastroenteritis and marasmus since birth.  Marasmus is severe malnutrition caused by the lack of calories, sometimes caused by a metabolic deficiency causing the child to be unable to use the calories provided, because of disease or parasitic infection.

On 25 April 1906, another daughter, Alice Marie (sometimes called Mary Alice) was born.   

Fred re-enlisted in the Army, and the Annual Reports of the Adjutant General of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts for the next couple decades make references to Dr. Jones.  It reported that he was commissioned as an assistant surgeon and 1st Lieutenanant on 7 Nov 1906.  He was associated with the Fifth Regiment Infantry. 

Fred and Clara’s second son, Brooks, was born about 4 November 1907, but died 8 April 1908, of marasmus and convulsions.

On 21 March, 1910, Fred was commissioned as a major in the Medical Corps.  The 1910 census lists the family living at 1569 Hancock, where Fred’s occupation was physician in general practice.  The record indicates that Clara has had 7 children, with 4 still living.  The four in the census are Ruth, Clarice, Graham, and Marie, with the deceased children of course being Dorothy, Virginia, and Brooks.  The household includes a servant, and Clara’s brother John. 

The Adjutant General’s report for the year 1912 names Major Frederick E Jones in 5th Regiment, Infantry Medical Corps.

Quincy vital records show that Fred and Clara had a stillborn daughter, after a difficult delivery, on 9 July 1914.  As far as I know, this was their last child. 

The 1916 Adjutant General’s report documents that Fred served in the Mexican border conflict from 19 June to 31 October, 1916.  The Mexican Border War was military engagements along the border during the Mexican Revolution, starting in 1910.  The height of the conflict was Pancho Villa’s attack on Columbus, New Mexico in March of 1916.  The Boston Globe reported on 26 June 1916 that three brothers from Quincy were in service there: Surgeon Major Frederick E Jones, and his brothers Capt. Walter C Jones, and Lt. Albert M Jones. “Major Jones is one of the best-known medical men in the Massachusetts Militia.  He has been a lecturer for Massachusetts men who trained last year at the officers’ camp in Plattsburg.  He is the medical examiner for this city [Quincy], Milton, and Randolph.” 

Besides being a physician, Fred became involved in death investigations.  The El Paso Post Evening Globe of 13 October1916 reports that he was serving as Division Surgeon, assigned to Camp Cotton at El Paso, Texas, and was investigating an incident where a guard shot a prisoner.

After his posting in Texas, Fred was attached to the Twenty-Sixth “Yankee” division of the American Expeditionary Forces during the World War.  After their return, a 1919 parade and ceremonies honoring the Division included the publication of The Book of Salutation to the Twenty-Sixth Division, which mentions Dr. Jones, and can be read on line at http://archive.org/details/bookofsalutation00bost

On 22 March, 1919, the Fitchburg Daily Sentinel reported that Major Frederick E Jones, of the 101st Sanitary Train was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. 

The 1920 census lists the family at 1150 Hancock.  Fred was a physician in general practice, and the household included Fred, Clara, Ruth, Clarice, Graham, Mary A, and a servant.  Graham died two years later, according to the date on his headstone (see at Find-A-Grave.)

The 1930 census lists the family still at 1150 Hancock.  Fred continued his work as a physician with his own practice, and the record confirms his military service as “Mex and WW”.  The only child still at home was Clarise, an interior decorator, and the family had the same maid as in 1920.  Fred also continued his work as a Medical Examiner, investigating deaths, and as such, he shows up in area newspapers.  For example, the Lowell Sun on 2 May 1932 p 14 reported on a triple death scene, and Fred and the police were quoted as saying that they thought it was a double homicide with a suicide, but couldn’t explain why the gun found had only one bullet shot from it.  Fred was reappointed as Medical Examiner in October of 1934, for the Third Norfolk district. 

Fred died 29 September, 1937. 

Former Y. D. Major Dead

QUINCY, Sept.29—Dr. Frederick M. Jones, medical examiner of Southern Norfolk county for 33 years and war-time major in the medical corps, 26th (Yankee) division, A. E. F. died in a hospital today at the age of 64.  Dr. Jones was chief medical officer of the old 5th Massachusetts Infantry and served with that unit at El Paso, Tex., during the Mexican border campaign in 1916. He was transferred to the 101st infantry at the outbreak of the World war. He was graduated from Harvard Medical school in 1897 and was a member of the staff at Quincy City Hospital until 1934.    [Lowell Sun 29 September 1937 p 11. ]

 AMA Journal 12-11-1937, Vol 109 Number 24, page 2003:   Frederick Ellis Jones, Quincy, Mass.; Harvard University Medical School, Boston, 1897; member of the Massachusetts Medical Society ; served during the World War ; formerly health officer; aged 64; on the staff of the Quincy City Hospital, where he died, September 29, of chronic interstitial nephritis and mesenteric thrombosis.

During the Armistice Day celebrations in 1937, an area at the intersection of Hancock and Washington Streets in downtown Quincy, was named Lt. Col. Frederick E Jones Square.  I don’t know if this area still exists under that name.  I was not able to find reference to it except in the original news article.  

In 1940, Clara was still living at 1150 Hancock, with her youngest daughter Alice Marie Jones Thomas and family.  According to Find-A-Grave entries, Clara died in 1959.  Unless the houses were renumbered, their home at 1150 Hancock probably no longer exists, replaced by a 4-story office building constructed in 1984.

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