Daniel Pickernell Revisited

This is an update from my post of 23 March 2011

Daniel Pickernell (aka Picknell) was born 23 March 1792 in Kittery, York County, Maine, the youngest of at least six children of Nelson Pickernell and Anna Place. Daniel’s father served in the Revolutionary War in 1779 as a drummer, but is listed has having deserted. Daniel’s siblings include Thomas, Lydia, Nancy, Harriet, and Samuel.

Nelson was an heir and executor to his father’s will in 1786, but sold his land in about 1792 and moved the family from Kittery. Nelson is listed in the 1800 and 1810 census in Wendell, Cheshire County, New Hampshire. Because of Daniel’s young age, he is most likely part of Nelson’s household during this time.

Daniel and his brother Samuel enlisted at Concord from Wendell (Sunapee) in the 1st Regiment of New Hampshire Volunteers in the War of 1812 on 1 February 1813. They served as privates. “Sunapee’s contribution to the war effort of 1812 was large by comparison, but her soldiers saw but little actual combat.” Daniel and Samuel were both privates in Capt. Thomas Currier’s Company. Daniel earned a pension for his service, which was later transferred to his widow. “After the War of 1812 to enforce America’s right to “freedom of the seas,” there was nothing of an eventual nature that happened in Wendell for several years, except that it was a period of building new roads, establishing small district schools, clearing new land by immigrants, improving cultivation, raising large families, and migration west.” Source: The Story of Sunapee published 1941 pp 54-55.

The town records of Wendell record that “The Intentions of Marriage by Daniel Pickernell and Sally Picket both of Wendell hath been published as the law directs Wendell September 27th 1818 Nath’l Perkins T. Clerk.” Later, it is recorded that “I hereby Certify that those Persons hereafter named have Joined in Marriage by me: On the 22d day of December 1818 Daniel Pickernell to Salley Picket both of Wendell Joshua Currier, Justice Peace.” Neither the intentions nor the record of marriage name the parents of the bride and groom. Her father may have been Daniel Locke Picket, as he is the only Picket in the same county, in the 1810 census. This has not yet been verified, and she is not named in the articles I have read about her father.

I did not locate Daniel in the 1820 census. His father had remarried to Mrs. Patty Picket (unknown relationship to Sally Picket) and Nelson was living in Wendell. Only the heads of household are named, and Nelson’s household included a young man and young woman the same ages as Daniel and Sally (or his brother Samuel and new wife Sally). His brother Thomas was listed separately.

The on-line old Croydon town records are missing pages covering part of 1826, and all of 1827, so I’m not sure when he moved there. The 1828 town record for Croyden list Daniel Pickenell. It appears he was only assessed a poll tax of $1.30. He was not listed as owning property. He was also taxed 0.29 for the town, 0.50 for the school, 0.22 for the state, 0.14 maintenance, 0.10 for the county, and 0.65 for highways.

The 1830 census lists Daniel Pickernell living in Croydon, Sullivan County, New Hampshire. Occupations and family members are not listed this year.

By 1839, all of Daniel and Sally’s children had been born. The first was Charles, born February 1819 in Plainfield (source – Ancestry’s Family Data Collection.) There is a Charles who married Lois Walker, and who is listed as dying 15 Jun 1900. His death record names his parents as Daniel Picknell and Sarah Aiken – but this is from an index, and not the original record. I have not yet found any original records that link this Charles to Daniel and Sally.

The second child may be Lyman Pickernell born about 1822. A passport application lists a Lyman Picknell born about 1822 in Plainfield, and there is a marriage record of a Lyman Picknell son of Daniel marrying Julia Delano in Braintree, MA, but there is not enough information to confirm this is all the same family.

The next child was Henry Pickernell born 1827 in Croydon (according to Family Data Collection at Ancestry.) There is a Henry, born in Croydon, son of Daniel (mother not listed) who married Hannah Rogers, and this is probably the correct son.

Ancestry Family Data Collection lists Ann Pickernell, born in 1831 as daughter of Daniel G and Sarah Picket. There is an Annis M Picknell Reade daughter of Daniel Picknell (mother not named) who was the spouse of Calvin Dwight Reade. There is not enough information in her death record to confirm whether this was Daniel and Sarah’s daughter.

Daughter Emaline was born about 1832, and was mentioned in Wendell town records (see below.) Her death record names her parents as Daniel and Sarah.

Daughter Lovina J was born about July 1833. I do not have a birth record for her, but she was named in Wendell town records (see below). She died in 1901, and her death record names her parents as Dan’l Pickwell and Sarah Perkins.

Daughter Rosina was born about 1834, and some records call her Roxana. Ancestry’s Family Data Collection says she was born in Croydon, and names her parents as Daniel G Pickernell and Sarah Picket. She is also mentioned in the Wendell town records (see below). She was in the 1850 census with her father, and her death record from 1898 names her father (not her mother.)

The eighth child was Sarah Z born about 1839 in Croydon. She is listed in the Family Data Collection. She is not in the 1850 census with her father.

I was not able to find Daniel Pickernell in the 1840 census, even searching manually in Croydon, Wendell, and Plainfield. I did find the following story printed in the New-Hampshire Statesman and State Journal, (Concord, NH) Saturday, November 03, 1838; Issue 26; col F: The Court of Common Pleas was still in session when our paper went to press. The criminal docket was disposed of during the first week of the term. Daniel Pickernell, indicted for stealing a quantity of leather, was found guilty and sentenced to three years imprisonment at hard labor in the State Prison.

This article doesn’t say where he was from so it might not be the same person – but it might explain the following – why his wife and children were treated as paupers in Wendell.

On Mar 12, 1839 the children of Daniel Pickernell left to the care of the Selectmen & bound out according to law except youngest child. Wife of Daniel Pickernell and youngest child being set up was struck off to William Robinson at 1.00 pr Week. [Wendell Town Records] Similar entries were recorded in 1840 and 1841, but were not continued in 1842, which corresponds with the 3-year sentence.

I was not able to find an 1840 census that included the New Hampshire state prison by name. Moses Pillsbury was the prison warden in 1840, and his household in Concord contained 85 people (not individually named.) Daniel may well have been there. Sarah/Sally and the children would probably have been counted in the households which had been paid by the town to take care of them.

I have not yet found a death record for Daniel’s wife Sally. My last clue to her location is the 1841 town records where she and her child “was struck off to John Praddock at 96 cts per week.”

In 1850 Daniel was living in Lebanon, Grafton County, New Hampshire. He was listed as a farmer, but had no real estate value listed. Family members included Lorena, Rosina, Harvey, BA, AM, and Wm Amsden. Rosina was Daniel’s daughter. Lorena was actually Lurena T Corey. Harvey was her son and BA was probably Betsy. According to “Plainfield Genealogy”, Lurena had a relationship with Daniel Plummer, resulting in children Harvey and Elizabeth. Daniel Pickernell raised Harvey and Betsey, and they used both the Plummer and Picknell names. The youngest child is apparently Alfarette “Nettie” who was born in 1849, and is probably the first child of Daniel and Lurena. William Amsden was an elderly farmer – perhaps the Picknells were working on his farm.

The Plainfield book says that Daniel married Lurena in 1858, and their Find-A-Grave entry says they were married 5 November 1858 in Hartford, Windsor County, Vermont.

The 1860 census lists Dan Pickernell living in Plainfield, in Sullivan County, New Hampshire. His occupation is Laborer, with no real estate value, and personal property at a mere $25. The household includes his wife Lurena, plus Henry (probably Harvey based on age) Betsey, Alferetta, and four-year-old son Alva.

In 1869, Daniel and Lorena, of Plainfield, purchased land in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont. The seller was Job Harford, who had purchased the land from Freeman Noyes. The land description section of the sale refers to the Noyes sale for details, but that book is not included in the land records at FamilySearch.org, so I do not have the legal description.

The 1870 census lists Danl Picknall, with Loraine, Alvah, Clara, and Nettie. Daniel was listed as a farm laborer, but also had his own property valued at $500. The family included Mary A Wood, age 10 months (born July 1869.) I don’t know her relationship to the family. (Clara Isabel Picknell was born 31 Aug 1861 in Plainfield, and died 17 June 1923 in Brattleboro, Vermont).

On 12 Jun 1876, Daniel and Lurena sold land for $400 to Nathanial Freeman of Lebanon. It was described as land that Daniel bought from Job and Caroline Harford in October of 1869. The next page seems to be Freeman selling the same land back to Lurena on the same day. I’m not sure of the purpose of this transaction, unless Lurena wanted or needed to be the sole owner of the property.

An 1877 map of Tunbridge shows D Picknell in District 9, at the very north boundary (with Chelsea) across from the Smith Family Cemetery and the school. Comparing 1877 with 2013 Google Earth imagery, their property appears to be across from Larkin Road where it intersects with Bicknell Road. (E Bicknell – perhaps Ellery Bicknell lived up the road, so it was probably named after him and not a misprint of Picknell.)

Daniel died at age 86 of cancer in Tunbridge on 2 Aug 1878. Lurena died at age 70 on 20 Jan 1894 in Tunbridge, of pneumonia. Both are buried at Hunt Cemetery in Tunbridge, and have memorials on Find-A-Grave.

I did not find out what happened to Daniel Plummer, the father of Lurena’s first two children. There was a person of that name in the 1840 census in the same county, but I don’t know if that was the correct person. There was a Daniel Plummer in Gloucester MA, with a wife coincidentally named Lurana T, but she was proven to be Lurana Thayer Riggs, so he is most likely not the father of Lurena Corey’s children. It is possible that Daniel Picknell chose to use the alias of Plummer after he got out of prison. I don’t know when his first wife died, nor why he didn’t marry Lurena for at least eight years after they were together, but perhaps he wasn’t free to marry.  As usual, researching results in answers, and more questions and mysteries to solve.

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