Charles S Clearn and Family

Charles was October 1863 in Lynn, Massachusetts.  His parents were James William McClearn from Nova Scotia, and Olive Parker from Maine, who had married in Salem on 11 Aug 1859.  James and Olive were counted in the 1860 census in Lynn, with their 1 month old daughter Ida. (Ida died at age 2 months.)  James was a cordwainer, a person who makes new shoes out of new leather (as opposed to a cobbler who repaired shoes.)  The 1860 census listed the value of James’ personal property at only $100, the least amount for any family on that census page.  The 1860 Lynn city directory lists James as a boarder at 60 South Common.  City directories at this time and place did not name the wives, unless they ran their own business, such as a boarding house, or unless they were listed as “widow of” or divorced and head of the household.  The 1863 directory lists William McClearn, shoemaker, living at 13 Prospect.  Since Charles was born in 1863, it is likely that he was born at this house. 

The 1865 directory lists William McClearn, shoemaker, house on Stickney near Commercial.  The 1865 state census shows a move to nearby Saugus.  The family includes Charles’ older brother William, born in 1861.  By 1869, the family was back in Lynn, as J. William McClearn, shoemaker, was listed on West Neptune.  Charles’ twin brothers Eugene and George were born 14 September 1869.  Eugene died at age one month of “canker”.  This is an eroding ulcer of the check and lip, generally seen in ill-fed children. 

The 1870 census shows Charles with his parents, and new younger siblings Ida (second of that name) and George. George died at age 11 months of cholera infantum, a common disease in the summer among the poor.  James is a worker in a shoe factory.  The next year, the family moved to the rear part of the house at 7 Mt. Vernon. 

By 1880, at age 16, Charles is working in a shoe factory, along with 18-year-old William, and their father. The family lived at 440 Western avenue.  A new addition to the family is his younger sister, Eliza Jane (later known as Jennie).   Although not technically an adult, because he is working, Charles is now listed in the city directories.   

After 1882 Charles’ father is not seen in the Lynn directories.  In 1883, Charles’ brother William died. 

On 25 Sep 1885, Charles (now as Clearn) married Minnie Blanche McKeown in Lynn.  He was listed as a shoemaker, and Minnie was an “operator”.  The record doesn’t indicate that she works for a telephone company, and it is more likely that she operates some kind of machinery in a factory.  Minnie’s parents were William McKeown and Rebecca Hodges of Middleton, Nova Scotia.  I found no record of children for Charles and Minnie.  It appears that the marriage ended about 1894, as the city directory shows Minnie Clearn living at a separate address.  In the 1901 Canada census, she was listed as divorced, living back in Nova Scotia.  During these years, Charles lived at 29 North Common, 112 North Common, 28 Blossom, 117 Jefferson, and 19 Olive.  The city directories listed Charles’ mother Olive, and sister Jennie at these same residences.  Part of the time his brother-in-law Charles Janvrin (Ida’s husband) was listed at the same home, so it can be inferred that all the surviving members of the McClearn/Clearn family lived together.  Because Charles’ mother was listed as “Mrs. Olive” rather than “widow of James”, it appears that James was out of the family group, rather than deceased.  Olive died in Lynn on 10 May 1896, of chronic bronchitis. 

The 1900 census shows Charles Clearn living in a boarding house at 18 Ireson, and he lived there at least seven years.  On 24 Nov 1908, in Lynn, Charles married Annie M Dalton, widow of Peter H Martin.  Anne had a daughter Anne from her previous marriage, and young Anne may have lived with Annie and Charles until her own marriage three years later.   

In the 1910 census Charles and Annie lived at 35 Rand and both worked in a shoe shop.  In 1914, Annie travelled to Ketchikan, Alaska, with her son-in-law.  Her daughter and grandchildren lived in Skagway.  This is the last record I currently have for Anne.  Charles was not with her on the boat.  The 1914 city directory lists Charles at 35 Rand. 

I have not yet found Charles in the 1920 census.  His sisters Jennie and Ida (now divorced) lived in Cambridge, but he was not with them. 

The 1930 census lists Charles as a boarder at the hospital of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Philadelphia.  He was a washerman in the hospital laundry.  Because there was a different section in the census for inmates (patients) it appears that he was an employee. He was listed as single. 

Charles died 15 Jan 1938 at this same hospital, of myocarditis and acute coronary thrombosis.  The informant for his death certificate was his sister Ida Janvrin from Dighton, MA.  Charles was buried at Belvue cemetery in Philadelphia.  In 1951, the bodies were reinterred at Philadelphia Memorial Park and Belvue became a shopping center parking lot. 

Charles’ sister Ida died in 1949, and Jennie died in 1955.

I attempted to find out what happened to Charles’ father James.  His marriage record to Olive listed him as son of John and Jemima.  IGI (International Genealogical Index) lists a James Caldwell McClearn, born Feb 1834, to John McClearn and Jemima Stewart.  The 1900 census lists a James C McClearn born Feb 1834 as an inmate at the alms house in Marblehead.  He is listed as married (no wife with him at the alms house). James C Mclearn lived in Salem in 1906, and did shoe repair and the 1907 directory lists him as deceased.   I found a death record for James C McClearn born 1834 in Nova Scotia.  This man died 9 Sep 1906 in Tewksbury at the state hospital.  His father was John, maiden name of mother was Stewart.  His occupation was cobbler.  Unfortunately, the hospital was the informant for the death certificate, which might have provided a link to another family member.  I’m not positive that this James is the same person, but there are some connections that make this likely to be Charles’ father.






Douwe Ditmars – Senior and Junior – Loyalists

Douwe Ditmars Jr was born in 1750 in Jamaica, on Long Island, New York. He was the fourth in line with that name, after Douwe Senior born 1723, Douwe born 1697, and Douwe born 1662. His family tree shows he was part of the community of Dutch who settled in New Amsterdam, New Netherlands, or what we now call New York. Douwe’s mother was Catrytje (Catherine) Snedeker. The younger Douwe also married a woman named Catherine Snedeker, a cousin.

The Ditmars family remained loyal to the British Crown during the Revolutionary War. Sons Douwe, Isaac, John, and Garrit all signed a loyalty petition in Queens Co, NY, on 21 Oct 1776. Most Loyalists were ambivalent and hoped for peaceful reconciliation but were forced by the Patriots to choose sides.  Reasons for remaining conservative and loyal to the king were varied. Some families were well established and resisted change. Some were opposed to rebellion and the violence perpetrated by the Patriots. Many had business or family links to Britain. Whatever the reason, many of the tenant farmers in New York, especially of Dutch descent, were Loyalists. They gave aid to the British armies and joined forces help put down the rebellion. Douwe senior was designated to provide fuel and other articles for the hospital in Long Island, and was an ensign in the loyal forces. Where the Patriots were in control, Loyalists were subject to confiscation of property, tarring and feathering, or physical attack.

Douwe Senior’s first wife died about 1760, and his second wife, Sara Remsen, died in 1781 in Jamaica, New York. After the war, having lost everything, in September 1783, the extended Ditmars family moved to Nova Scotia. Besides Douwe’s own children, several of Sara Remsen’s children by her previous husbands had married into the Ditmars family. Sons Isaac and Garrit apparently died before the move, but I don’t know if they died because of the War. The rest all settled at Clements, a township laid out in 1784 to accommodate the Loyalists and disbanded regiments.

Most United Empire Loyalists in Canada were compensated with land or British cash after filing formal claims. Douwe filed for compensation. In his claim, he stated that he “joined his majesty’s troops on their landing on Long Island and provided every assistance in his power to suppress this Rebellion and Re-establish his Majesty’s Government in America.” Ditmars stated that he had been indicted under the laws of New York and his property confiscated. He valued his lost property at £2162 five shillings sterling money of Great Britain. Douwe described his property as a farm of about 200 acres with a good dwelling house, barn, and outhouses and orchard within about nine miles of the City of New York, and another farm in the same county of about 100 acres and a good dwelling house, all lost on account of his Loyalty to the Royal cause and the late “Desentions in America.” He stated that before the British evacuated New York, he moved his family to Annapolis Royal in Nova Scotia. Douwe Senior was given a 200-acre grant in Clements township.

A 1903 newspaper (The Brooklyn NY Daily Eagle) gives a different viewpoint of Ditmars’ loss of property, describing important real estate transactions taking place then, saying that a company bought the Wyckoff farm at Jamaica and Benedict Avenues. “From an historical standpoint the transaction was notable, for the Wyckoff farm has been in existence since the Revolutionary times. It one consisted of 400 acres lying north and south of what was formerly known as the Jamaica Turnpike.” After describing the development which would occur on the farmland, the newspaper story went on to say, “The Wyckoff farm, as it has been known in recent year, was owned by one Douwe Ditmars about the time of the Revolutionary War. Ditmars was a Tori and when it became evident that the American cause would be victorious and that his lands would be forfeited to the new government, Ditmars was anxious to find more congenial quarters.” The story continues that John Suydam, ancestor of Wyckoff, had hidden about $5000 on his property. “Hearing that Tory Ditmars was desirous of selling Suydam handed over the $5000 and took possession and Ditmars fled to Nova Scotia.  Land records seem to support this story, as there is a record of a land sale from Douwe Ditmars, Aug 8, 1783, to John Suydam.

Douwe Junior also filed a claim which included a report of his actions on behalf of the Crown. He stated that he distributed ammunition to the “Friends of Government” but because of “the Rebels getting intelligence I was obliged to leave my family.” He was employed by the Governor “as a spy to give intelligence of what the Rebels was doing on Long Island.” He later joined his Majesty’s forces and served on Staten Island, still as a spy and intelligence gatherer, where he had several narrow escapes. He served as a guide, until he moved with his family to Nova Scotia. Douwe Junior asked the Claims commission to take his “Services and Labors into consideration and order such compensation as you may think they merit.”

Another claim was made by Douwe Ditmars (but unknown if Junior or Senior) for damages by His Magesty’s troops: two horses and a wagon entered into service and never returned, nine cows, one heifer, and one young bull, for a total claim of £ 150. A separate claim was filed for £ 195 for timber trees cut for the Engineers department. These claims documents can be found at, but other than the land grant, I do not know if the financial losses were reimbursed.

The elder Douwe Ditmars donated land for St. Edward’s Church at Clements. He died in 1796 and is buried there, along with many of his descendants. The younger Douwe had at least seven children with the first five born in New York, and the last two born in Nova Scotia. Douwe died as an infant. Daughter Phoebe was born in September 1783, which was when the family moved to Nova Scotia – she would have been a newborn, or perhaps even born at sea.

In 1800, Douwe Junior served as Commissioner of Roads in Annapolis county, and was contractor for the bridge over the Allain River, and a few years later, over Moose River. Douwe apparently had trouble collecting payment for his work on the first project. Legislative papers from 1806 say that while £300 had been approved for the project, only £240 was collected. Commissioner Winniett gave contractor Douwe Ditmars a bill of exchange for the remainder. However, the Bill was refused by the treasurer, and since “Ditmars is desirous to obtain payment of the said balance, and if not shortly paid, may be induced to use measures unpleasant as well as injurious” to Winniett, he asked for relief (payment) so that he could finish paying Ditmars. (I did not find the outcome of this case.)

Douwe died in 1831, and his wife Catherine in 1833, and both are buried at Old St. Edwards cemetery. There are many men who were given the name Douwe Ditmars or Ditmars in honor of the original Douwe – and carry the name with different surnames, such as Williamson, Purdy, Rapelje, Devries, Dibona, Van Dine, Jones, Burns. Douwe Ditmars Senior is my 6th great grandfather, and I descend from his sons Douwe Jr and John. The Ditmars name was passed down in my family, and found as recently as my great grandfather’s middle name.

The United Empire Loyalists’ Association of Canada exists to promote knowledge about the history of the Loyalists and their contribution to the development of Canada. Similar to Daughters of the American Revolution, UELAC invites descendants to join the Association, and use genealogical proof to establish their family link to a Loyalist ancestor.

The Mysterious Miss Grace Addison

Grace Addison joined my family tree in 1898, when she married my distant cousin, actor Frederick (or Frederic) Vroom. At the time I wrote his biography for this blog, I was unaware of Grace’s history. This is her story, and updates his story as well, where they intersect.

I have not yet found Grace’s birth record. Later records from the census, passenger records, and her death certificate give years varying from 1856 to as late as 1872. Her death record names her parents as Edward Addison and what appears to be Gwennie Davis but just says that she was born in the US. Her places of birth are variously recorded as United States, Ohio (with parents born in Indiana), Pennsylvania (with parents born in Wales), and New York City. I have not been able to find any early records for Grace or her family, until she is mentioned in newspapers in 1882.

Grace was an actress for about twenty years.  In 1884, Grace was part a dramatic company appearing with W. F. Cody (Buffalo Bill) in “The Prairie Waife”, a play written for Cody by John A Stevens. This was a year before Annie Oakley joined Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show. While the newspapers through the years named her roles and parts, I have not been able to find scripts or descriptions on line for these shows. Even when the plays were less than highly regarded, her reviews were consistently good, with phrases like: gave the play what life it had; pleased the audience with song and dance; the costumes were dreams. During her performance years, she survived and recovered from loss of her voice, and typhoid fever.

It appears that Grace was politically active as she was often mentioned as a member, speaker, or officer of NYC’s Professional Woman’s League.  Many of the women in this group were from the theater.  A story from 6 Aug 1893 – Daily Picayune – Green Room – Gossip of Plays and the Players – “Genius and the Stage Management of To-Day, with Hints to Actresses” was the subject of a paper read by Grace Addison at last Wednesday’s meeting of the Professional Woman’s League, says the New York Dramatic Mirror…. Owing to the inability of a member to be present and read a paper for which she had been assigned, Miss Addison prepared her paper on short notice, and it was necessarily brief, but it furnished a good theme for debate. Miss Addison maintained that modern managers, by casting talented young women for parts unsuited to them, checked budding genius and originality and conspired to make actresses mere machines and puppets. This assertion was the cause of considerable talk, in which the older members told some things about old-time managers and their methods that were new to their younger sisters of the stage.

In 1894, the Victoria Daily Colonist published a story about the Professional Women’s League, describing Grace Addison, a young and favorably known actress, who has interesting ideas on the revival of the Shakespearean drama. At a PWL meeting later that year, she gave a paper which asserted that she was “a lineal descendant of the gentleman who gave us Sir Roger de Coverley, declared the genius of her ancestry in discussing the merits of Moliere”. The article did not explain how Grace was descended from Moliere.

While in NYC, Grace often lived with her sister Marie. In 1895, Grace played Nerissa in Merchant of Venice. Frederic Vroom was Antonio. This is the first record I have where Grace and Frederic worked together. Grace sailed several times between NY and Paris, often travelling with Marie.

On 22 February, 1897, the Brooklyn Standard Union reported: A strong company of vaudeville favorites, including Grace Addison and Frederick Vroom, will delight the patrols of the Criterion Theater this week. Another item reported: There was a good-sized audience at the Criterio Theatre last night, and they were well entertained, judging by the way they applauded the performers. Grace Addison made her first appearance in vaudeville last night, and met with a hearty reception in the comediatta entitled, “The Courtship of Master Modus. She was assisted by Frederick Vroom, who is a popular comedian. A review said “she played Helen – enacted with vivacity and impression, the graceful art of love-making.”

In August, 1897, the Temple Theatre (Louisville KY) engaged Frederick Vroom as leading man and Grace Addison as leading lady. (Twenty years later, this theater was one of the first to show moving pictures.) Grace married the previously divorced Frederick Vroom on 7 April, 1898 in Louisville. The marriage record index does not name the parents of either, although Frederick’s parents are known from other records as Albert Douglas Vroom and Charlotte Maria Morse.

Grace continued to tour, visiting British Columbia, England, and the southern and middle states of the US. In 1899 the Vroom-Addison company reached California. “It is announced that Miss Grace Addison, the handsome and talented emotional actress of the Vroom-Addison Company, who has been recognized for her ideal and passionate interpretation of Shakespeare’s heroines …will be seen this season on this coast.” Grace was apparently fluent in the French language, as she was credited with translating a French play into English. The newspapers continued to compliment Grace’s appearance and talents, calling her “an actress of rare emotional ability.”

Even after she committed attempted homicide against her husband, the papers seemed sympathetic to her. The following quotes and information are taken from The San Francisco Call on 13 May 1900, and the days following.

ACTRESS GRACE ADDISON SHOOTS FAITHLESS SPOUSE Actor Frederic Vroom is nursing a gunshot wound received at the hands of Grace Addison Vroom, actress. It is not a stage wound, nor is the bullet that crashed against his rib a stage ball, although the state of affairs that led to the shooting is dramatic in the extreme.  

The Vroom-Addison Dramatic Company had been working in the San Francisco area. Frederick had become interested in the gold rush at Cape Nome (Alaska) and had been neglecting the Company. He also became neglectful of his home and began spending time at his office. Grace became suspicious, and set up the bed in the office in such a way that she would know if it had been used. When it wasn’t, she hired a detective who traced Fredrick to the home of another actress named Maude Morrell. Grace confronted Maude at home, and depending on which woman is telling the story, either did or did not threaten Maude with a gun, getting a full confession from her. She also claimed to have found her husband’s night-shirt there, and discovered that Frederick was visiting the boarding house under an assumed name. Grace then confronted her husband at his office, showing the night-shirt and accusing him of treachery. Vroom struck his wife, knocking her down, and she shot at him. Vroom was taken to a doctor, and Grace went to her sister’s house. The shooting was not reported to the police, and at the time of this first story, no arrests had been made.
The day after this story was published, Grace turned herself in at police headquarters, saying, “My name is Grace Addison Vroom, and I have come to surrender myself for shooting my husband last Tuesday. You can do anything you like with me, put me in jail and keep me there forever, as my heart is broken, and I wish I were dead.” Grace claimed to have bruises from her husband’s assault on her. Although she was charged with “Assault to Murder”, her bail was set at only $25 and officers escorted her home to get the money. By this time, Frederick had gone to Seattle, probably on his way to Cape Nome, and since he wasn’t there to file a complaint, it was expected that the case would be dismissed. Maude Morrell had also disappeared. The police seemed most angry at Dr. Charles J. Schmelz who attended Vroom after he was shot, for not reporting the affair, saying if the law could reach him action would be taken against him.

The newspaper reported that Mrs. Vroom had saved about $3000, which she put into the Addison-Vroom Company, but through her husband’s misconduct with the Morrell woman the company disbanded and she lost her money. She had been playing an engagement at the Dewey Theater, Oakland.  Speaking of that she said: “All week I played while my heart was breaking. I wanted to give myself up, but they would not let me, as it would have spoiled the play, so I struggled on, but little did the audiences know how much it cost me.”

The following day, Maude Morrell gave her story to the papers. She was apparently held in high regard in the community, which felt outraged at the incident, believing that no illicit relations what ever existed between her and Actor Vroom. While she was in the Vroom-Addison Company, she developed a friendship with Vroom, who would visit her from time to time. Maude said she only signed the confession because Grace threatened her with a gun. Friends of Maude described Grace as insanely jealous and a fuss maker.

Grace did appear in court on the charges, turning the weapon over to a detective. She denied that she threatened Maude with a weapon in order to get the confession, saying she didn’t even have it with her at the time. She also stated that when she searched Maude’s room, she found things that her husband had stolen from her and gave to Maude. The court case seems to have ended there. Ten days later, the papers reported that Grace had sailed on the “Charles D Lane”, going to Nome to join a theatrical group. I don’t know if Grace and Frederick met up with each other in Alaska. The population in 1900 was over 12,000, but it would seem plausible for one to find the other with a minimum of effort.

A New York paper commented on the shooting, said, “Mrs. Frederick Vroom, at the point of a pistol, compelled Miss Maud Morrell, an actress, to acknowledge her fondness for Mr. Vroom. Armed with Miss Morrell’s confession and the same pistol, the spirited wife went gunning for her husband and shot him, but alas! not fatally. Those who have seen Mr. Vroom busily at work acting out on the stage in Mme. Modjeska’s farewell company must feel inclined to chide Mrs. Vroom bitterly for her careless inaccuracy in the use of firearms. The Glorious Climate – There must be something conducive to emotional eccentricity about the glorious climate of California. Little Mrs. Vroom as Miss Grace Addison was the meekest kind of an actress before she took up her residence in Frisco and became a shooting star.”

On 18 June 1900, Mrs. Grace Vroom was counted in the federal census in Seattle at Arlington Docks. She was probably on her way to Alaska, as many of the people around her were listed as prospectors or miners. Cape Nome is on the Bering Sea, Alaska and was an area of placer mining after a claim in June 1899. Her stay in Alaska was short. By early 1901 Grace was performing in NYC – Grace Addison is in a part well suited to her line of work.

A news item 1902 “Grace Addison received word last week that her claim on Solomon Creek at Cape Nome will prove quite valuable next year.” Over the next few years papers reported Grace’s appearances in Maine and Philadelphia as well as New York. She worked with the Women’s Professional League running a rummage sale of costumes distinguishing herself in the role of auctioneer. A 1903 items says Grace Addison sold her residence at Cairo, Ill., and went to Southern California, where she intended to purchase a homestead.  The PWL presented Euripides’s tragedy “Alkestis” with Grace Addison managing the production and playing Alkestis. In fact, all but two players were women, and the managing, directing, and staging was all done by PWL. In October 1903, a news item says Grace Addison was convalescing from a serious illness but didn’t identify the illness.

In 1905, Grace was counted in the New York State Census living in Manhattan with her sister Marie, and Marie’s husband Waldemar Doerschel. He was a musician.

The April 1906 issue of The Christian Science Journal published a testimony written by Grace: “Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures” was first placed in my hands about twelve years ago. I remember saying, after having read several pages, that it had an uplifting influence which was remarkable. However, I continued my pursuit of Eastern philosophy and the sophistry of the would-be sciences of the day, trying to find the solution to the problem of life, and little dreaming that I had laid down the precious key that would unlock its seeming mystery. The years thus drifted by, then sorrow and affliction came, and with them despair, — the darkness of night without a star. At this time my attention was again turned to Christian Science, and I received treatment, but a collapse seemed inevitable, and I was unable to resist the suggestion I must have a physician. The struggle lasted three months. According to materia medica it was a serious complication of symptoms, and unusual in the extreme. I was fed on mineral waters and liquids for many weeks, with the prospect of a year without any solid food. The physician’s last warning was that if I had a relapse he could give me no hope. I again took up Science and Health, and read it faithfully until the morbidness of not wanting to live had gradually disappeared. Life had a new meaning but the physician’s warning kept ringing in my ears, and the relapse came. I was playing at the time (being in the dramatic profession) when the pain and the swelling over my heart commenced, but I knew enough from the study of the precious book to hold on to the omnipresence of God, good. Fortunately we were playing in the city, so that I could go to a practitioner. In one treatment the swelling was removed; in two treatments I was able to eat anything, and in two weeks my condition was completely normal. In the mean time I played every night, and scarcely a member of the company knew of the battle for life that was going on. To say that I am thankful and grateful for this remarkable experience of divine healing does not express it; my life must testify its gratitude. I praise and thank God, and His Messenger, Mrs. Eddy, for this understanding of Life, Truth, and Love that leads the weary traveler to the promised land. — Grace Addison, New York, NY

A 1907 news item says that Grace was playing at the Columbia, in the burlesque and olio. This is the last record I have of Grace connecting herself to the entertainment business. The 1910 US census lists a Grace Addison in Manhattan. Her occupation is listed as teacher/ scientist. She continued travelling between NYC and France. The 1912 Christian Science Journal listed Miss Grace Addison as a Christian Science Practitioner. The 1913 city directory lists her there, occupation writer.

New York Passenger Lists show Grace arriving from France on 15 October 1912. This record lists a specific birth date of 17 Jun 1862, and specific birth place of Summit Hill, Pennsylvania. Summit Hill was an early coal mining town in Carbon County. Another passenger record shows Grace arriving back in New York on 24 August 1914, and she used that same date of birth. She was travelling with her sister, Marie Doerschel. This document has the most precise information about her birth place and date, but I cannot confirm this information with any other records.

The 1917 NYC city directory lists Grace living at 55 W 126th, occupation writer. This is a multi-home family built in 1909, now in Harlem. Grace also wrote a 4 act play, called “Just Miss Elaine” and obtained a copyright for her work on 18 April 1917. I was not able to find a copy of this play on line. The 1918 city directory lists Grace still living at 55 W 126th, occupation writer.

Grace died 4 May 1918 at the Flower Hospital. The death certificate says the cause of death was “unable to be stated”, but that her last illness was malignant degradation of uterine fibroid, contributing factor hysterectomy. Her death certificate doesn’t list her birth date or place but indicates she has been a life resident of New York City. Her home address matches that in the 1918 city directory, but her occupation appears to be “house work”. Grace is listed on Find-A-Grave at Fresh Pond Crematory and Columbarium in Middle Village, Queens County, New York.

Mysteries about Grace still exist. One of the news items about the shooting refers to Grace Addison as her stage name. It was her name before and after her marriage to Vroom. But is it her birth name? In spite of having her parents’ names listed on the death certificate, I have not yet found Grace as a child. Are her date and place of birth as recorded on the passenger lists accurate?

Grace’s sister Marie J Doerschel reported in the 1920 census that she was born in Illinois, and that her parents were born in Wales. Marie died in 1955, and she and her husband are also interred at Fresh Pond.

Frederick Vroom recovered from his wound, and soon returned from Alaska to California. I wonder if the property on Solomon Creek owned by Grace was originally owned by Vroom, perhaps part of a divorce property settlement. Vroom continued acting, appearing in silent films with Buster Keaton, probably most famously in “The General.” He married twice more, outliving both of the women. He died in 1942 in Beverly Hills.

Phineas Blood Taylor and his Families

Phineas Blood Taylor was born 24 October 1820, in Nova Scotia, the fourth child of Bennett Ingraham Taylor and Eleanor Blood Morton. His father was a highly respected pastor of the Baptist church in the Lunenberg and nearby Barrs Corner area of Nova Scotia, probably of Loyalist descent, while the Mortons were Planters who came to Nova Scotia before the American Revolutionary War.

Phineas married Sarah A Joyce, and according to the Chute Genealogy (William Chute),  they had six children (not named by Chute.) I think there were actually seven.

Phineas was in the 1861 Canada census in Cumberland County. The census only named heads of household, and his household had 3 males and 6 females, one of which was under the age of one. These statistics would match up to Phineas and sons William and Thomas, and his wife Sarah and daughters Mary, Eleanor, Alveretta, Catherine (also called Cassie), and baby Susan. The 1861 census is the last primary record that we know refers to Phineas, son of Bennett.

Other records helped confirm the family group. For example, son William’s death record names his mother, Sarah Joyce, but not his father. Mary’s marriage record to Edward Gould names both parents, but doesn’t say whether her father is still living at the time of this marriage. Eleanor’s marriage record to James Chandler names both parents, as does the marriage record for Alveretta (or Alfaretta) to Henry Smith.

Sarah Taylor was the head of the household in 1871, and the family included William, Cassie, Thomas and Susan, as well as married daughter Eleanor and her family. Notes written in the remarks column of the census sheet indicate that Sarah’s husband left 10 years ago and hasn’t returned. Perhaps she wasn’t sure whether to count him in the household, but the census did list her as married.

In 1881, Sarah reported that she was widowed. She lived with her daughter Susan Jeffers and family. In 1891, she lived at River Hébert with her son William and his family. The household included her widowed daughter Susan and the Jeffers children. In 1901, Sarah lived with her Jeffers grandchildren. Sarah died in 1907.

So what happened to her husband Phineas? Family lore is that he left Nova Scotia to go to Kansas to work in the wheat harvest, and never returned.

The 1875 Kansas state census lists a Phineas Taylor born about 1820 in Nova Scotia. Phineas was a farmer, and the household included Melinda J (probably an error, as she is called Melissa J in later records) age 32, housewife born in New Jersey, and Phineas Jr age 6, born in Kansas, “at school”. They lived in Paola, Miami County, Kansas. I have been unable to find a birth record for Phineas Jr. Family Search has Kansas marriage records on line. They do not have a searchable index, but the marriage books each have a printed index in the front. I was not able to find Phineas marrying in Miami County. I also was not able to find this family in the 1870 US (or 1871 Canada) census.

The same family group was in the 1880 census in Paola. Phineas was age 60, and a laborer. His wife was Melissa, born in New Jersey, with son Phineas, age 11, born in Kansas. The household included boarders Clara Hackett and Thomas Shillinglaw. A fairly well documented family tree on Ancestry says that Phineas died 27 Jun 1881 in Paola, although there is not an attached primary source for that event. There are also trees with a daughter, Margery, but no vital records attached to her name, and she doesn’t show up in the census family groups.  Since the family was counted in either the state or federal census every five years, it is likely that she died as a small child.

Kansas marriage records indicate that on 12 October 1882, Mrs. M. J. Taylor married L. F. Laird at Paola. Her prior marital status (widowed or divorced) is not listed. Her new husband was Lafrayne F Laird, a divorced stock raiser originally from Missouri. The 1885 state census lists LF Laird, MJ Laird, Lucy W age 2 months, and Phineas Taylor, age 16.

In 1889, Phineas Jr married Minnie Reifel in Paola. This record lists his parents as Phineas, and Melissa J Hawkins. She may be the Melissa J who is daughter of John Hawkins and Amanda Van Etten, as listed in 1860 census in Avon, Rock, Wisconsin. That Melissa married Charles Allen Sweet on 21 October 1862 in Rock County, Wisconsin. He remarried three years later – but was that due to divorce or death? Some on-line family trees say that this Melissa died after giving birth to daughter Addie, but no records are attached to prove this.  I have not yet found paperwork to show that Phineas Jr’s mother is that same Melissa Hawkins, but age and birth location make it likely.

The 1895 Kansas State Census lists Phineas Jr, his wife and children in Paola. Melissa Laird is with her husband, and daughter Lucy, in the same town.

The 1900 census shows Phineas Jr and his expanding family still in Paola, while the Lairds are in nearby Marysville.  Melissa reported being mother of four, with three still living.  This would correspond with Addie, Phineas, and Lucy, and Margery who died young, if this is the same Melissa.

In 1905, “Phin” and family are still in Paola, and LF and MJ Laird are in Marysville. Lucy had married by then, but died in 1905.

By 1910, Phineas Jr had moved his family to Oakland, CA, where he worked as a carpenter. He was counted there as late as the 1930 census, and the California Death Index lists a Phineas Taylor born about 1868 who died in Alameda CA on 20 March 1937.

Melissa Laird was listed in the 1910 census in Marysville Kansas, widowed, reporting four children born, two still living (Addie and Phineas – if this is the correct person).   She was also there in 1920.   I do not have a death date for her but did not find her in 1930.

Family lore is that Phineas’ son Thomas also left Nova Scotia and went west looking for his father, and he was never heard of again. Thomas was in Nova Scotia at the time of the 1871 and 1881 censuses. If Phineas really did die in 1881, then he may have died before Thomas even started looking for him. The obituary for Thomas’ brother William lists William’s surviving sisters, but doesn’t list Thomas as a “survived by”, so he may have died before William (1919) or he was just missing, status unknown. An unsourced tree on Ancestry lists Thomas as having a wife named Nancy Wait.

I sent a research request in to the historical society where Phineas and Melissa lived, but have not yet heard back from them.  I’m hoping that they will have information that will positively identify Phineas and Melissa.

Tristram B. Bailey

Tristram B. Bailey was the ninth of eleven children born to Timothy Bailey and Henrietta Blood. Variations of his first name include Tristin, Tristum, Tristrum, and Tristam. It is thought that his middle initial may stand for Bartlett because a granduncle was named Tristram Bartlett Bailey, b.12 April 1754, d. 7 June 1761 (Bailey Genealogy: James John and Thomas… by Gertrude E. Bailey, 1899, pg. 17). He often was referred to as T.B. Bailey in newspaper accounts.

Tristram was born 30 May 1830 and died 10 December 1889, both events occurring in Andover, MA. His siblings were Timothy (b. 29 November 1812), James (b. 2 September 1814, d. 12 July 1842 “died in Oregon Territory”- gravestone inscription, West Parish Garden Cemetery, Andover, MA. It is not known if his actual remains are buried in MA or if the stone is only a memorial), Henrietta (b.5 October 1816), Ebenezer (b. 10 April 1819, d. 24 September 1847), Rebecca (b. 16 April 1821), Rufus R. (b. 9 August 1823, d. 10 July 1911), Rachel (b. 11 December 1825), Warren A. (b. 9 July 1828, d. 2 May 1909), Roxanna (b. 26 June 1833), and Henry H. (b. 21 January 1835).

Tristram descended from three known supporters of the Revolutionary War. His paternal grandfather, William Bailey (b.13 February 1747, d. 12 March 1836) was a private under Col. Bridge and Capt. Frubush in Massachusetts. Tristram’s maternal grandfather, Royal Blood (b. 8 October 1758, d. 24 May 1825) served as a private under Capt. Aaron Jewett, Capt. Joshua Lealand, and Capt. John Porter as well as being a Marine on the frigate “Deane”. Royal’s military service started in 1777 and ended after 1782. Lastly, Tristram’s great grandfather, Joseph Blood (b. 8 May 1709, d. 5 January 1794) was a surveyor for the colonies.

Pamelia Emma Frye was Tristram’s first wife. Pamelia had been previously married to Nathan Bailey (b.28 April 1816, d. 8 January 1854, marriage to Pamelia 6 April 1839) who was believed to be some type of cousin to Tristram. Pamelia was literally “the girl next door”. In the 1855 Massachusetts State census Pamelia was living with her in-laws, Nathan Bailey, Sr. and Cloe, next door to Tristram and his parents. Tristram and Pamelia married 1 January 1856 in Methuen, MA. Pamelia also descended from Revolutionary War supporters. Her paternal grandfather and great grandfather, James Frye and Col. James Frye as well as her maternal grandfather, Seth Emerson all served in the military on the colonial side of the war.

Tristram and Pamelia were living in Andover, MA in 1860 and Tristram was the Superintendant of a Poor House. Mary A. Townsend was their servant. Emma Frances Bailey was born to the couple 12 December 1860. Pamelia died 22 June 1861, a little over six months after giving birth to Emma. Eight months later Tristram married his servant, Mary Augusta Townsend, 18 February 1862.

Mary and Tristram went on to have three children: James Henry Bailey (b. 3 June 1864 Andover, MA; d. 30 September 1936 Portland, OR), Mary Pamelia Bailey (b. 19 July 1867 Andover, MA; d. 6 October 1901 Lawrence, MA), Eben Elijah Bailey (b. 6 June 1869 Andover, MA). Emma had known no other mother than Mary and she lists Mary as her mother on her marriage certificates (there were two). It appears that she and her half-siblings were close.

Tristram was living in Andover, MA in the Federal Census for the years 1850, 1860, and 1870. In addition, he appears in the Massachusetts State Census for the years 1855 and 1865. With the exception of the 1860 census where he was a Superintendent of a Poor House, Tristram was a farmer, as was his father, Timothy. Though Tristram registered for the Civil War draft 18 June 1860 in Andover, MA no evidence has been found that he served in the military.

By 1875 city directory entries for Lawrence, MA indicate Tristram moved his family to Lawrence and started a laundry at 4 Water Street. The 1880 Federal Census reveals that Mary A. (Townsend) Bailey believed she was a widow but she continued to run the laundry at 4 Water Street in Lawrence with her two girls, Emma Frances and Mary Pamelia. The youngest son, Eben, was living with Tristram’s brother, Rufus, in Andover, MA.

Tristram and James turn up in the 1880 census in the Upper Deer Lodge Valley of Montana Territory. Tristram is listed as a farmer. His immediate neighbor is W.R.H. Edwards who homesteaded property near Anaconda, MT. An article in the New Northwest paper (7 May 1880) states Tristram had been involved in a “difficulty over a ranche” during which he was assaulted by Harry Eccleson and received a broken nose. Mr. “Eccleson was fined $10 plus costs”.

Further investigation of newspaper accounts and land records suggests Tristram first arrived in Montana Territory prior to 1 May 1876 when he sold his 1/5th share in a mining claim Lot 63, Fairweather Gulch, Moose Creek mining district south of Butte, MT. The purchaser was Joseph V. Suprenant. The date that he and the other four men first filed on the claim has not yet been determined.

The Butte Miner reported on 29 May 1877 “T.B. Bailey, who left here several months ago for a visit to his home in Massachusetts, returned to Butte last week, accompanied by several persons from his neighborhood. Mr. Bailey expects to make this his home now and will send for his family shortly.” Tristram sold property in the city of Butte located at the south east corner of the Mercury Street and Montana Street intersection (lot 19, block 51) on 26 May 1877. James Talbott, a local banker, was the purchaser. The year, 1877, was the year the city was platted. It is not known when Tristram acquired the property.

On 11 July 1877 Tristram again filed with four other men on another mining claim near the one he sold. The partners were Joseph V. Suprenant, Benjamin F. McElroy, Patrick J. Hamilton, and Andrew J. Grubb. The claim was Lot 43, Fairweather Gulch, Moose Creek mining district, Deer Lodge Co. (later known as Silver Bow Co.). It is not known if Tristram did any actual mining work or if he was a silent partner but by 1880 it appears he returned to farming which was the work he knew best.

It is important to understand the historical context of Tristram’s time. General George Custer lost his life and regiment at the Little Big Horn 25 June 1876 and the Battle of the Big Hole occurred 9-10 August 1877 in an area east of the Bitterroot Mountains and south east of Missoula, MT. The newspapers of the time were filled with stories of Indian hostilities.

Tristram or at least James, his son, returned to Massachusetts sometime before August 1882. A local newspaper reported that the husband of James’s half-sister, Emma Frances, drowned during a swimming accident on the Merimack River. Silas D. Daland (b. 1855, d. 13 August 1882), Emma’s husband, was swimming in the river while Emma watched from a boat. He became disabled by a cramp, shouting for help. Emma’s brothers, Eben and James, are both named in the article as attempting to rescue Silas but without success. Silas and Emma had been married less than eight weeks.

Another newspaper article in the Boston Daily Advertiser 25 November 1886 describes an event placing Tristram in North Andover, MA during that year. “T.B. Bailey, a farmer of North Andover, while digging on his farm,…” discovered a skeleton likely from a man who went missing 20 years before. The cause of death was a gunshot wound to the head.

Tristram died 1 January 1889 in North Andover, MA of “congestion of the liver”. His obituary described him as “a well known and much liked citizen” who was “of far more than ordinary ability, and well posted” (Lawrence American, 7 January 1889). It is thought that “well posted” means well traveled. Tristram’s remains were buried in the West Parish Garden Cemetery, Andover, MA, near his first wife’s grave. Though Mary A. (Townsend) Bailey remarried (John Aiken Shirley) she was buried with Tristram upon her death (or at least her name is on his headstone).

Tristram never moved his family to Montana but it appears that his son, James Henry, did return before 1885. James H. Bailey appears in the 1900 Federal Census living with his wife and children in Lewistown, MT. (It is important to note that James does NOT appear in Massachusetts records after 1882.) The James in the 1900 census was born in Massachusetts, as were his parents, and he was a plasterer. He was married to Mary Frances Butland. James appeared in the 1885 Butte school census with his first two children, Ernest (b. 1884, MT) and Ethel (b.1885 White Sulfur Springs, MT). He and Mary went on to have six more children: Augusta Valerie (b. 1887 Butte, MT), Myrtle L. (b. 1888, MT), Pansy (b. 1889, Anaconda, MT), James Archie (b. 1890, Oaksdale, WA), Leonard Leroy (b. 1893, Idaho), and Ralph (b. 1897, MT). Mary Frances died in 1901 and was buried in the Lewistown Cemetery.

James was gone from Lewistown by 1904. His youngest children were under the custody of the husband of James’s eldest daughter, Ethel, and another individual named Bailey who’s relationship to the family has not been determined. By 1910, James H. Bailey, a plasterer who was born in Massachusetts, appears in the Federal Census living in Post Falls, ID. He is married to Elizabeth Alice (Belles) Kibler, Wagstaff, Wright. They had a son named Melvin Lewis who was born 12 November 1905, Lewiston, ID. Melvin’s birth index entry gives the full name of both his parents.

No entry for James has been located for the 1920 Federal Census, though a 1917 city directory entry places a plaster with his name in Butte, MT. The 1930 Federal Census shows James H. Bailey, a plasterer, who was born in Massachusetts, living in Mt. Pleasant, OR outside of Portland. James had married a third time to Julia Etta (Parker) VanBlaricom. City directory entries indicate he lived in the Portland area until he died 30 September 1936. He is buried in an unmarked grave in Greenwood Hills Cemetery, Portland, OR. None of the three marriage records for James have been found. The early marriage records for Montana did not include the parents of the bride and groom and would be of little value confirming parentage. However, a photograph of James H. Bailey and Julia E. Bailey was discovered among the papers of James’s half- sister, Emma Frances, who lived in Lawrence, MA. The photograph had been taken by Sowell Studio, 113 1/2 Third Street, Portland, OR.

When and why Tristram and his son went to Montana is an interesting question. Tristram’s brother Timothy had a son named Charles Warren Bailey who was supposed to have been a soldier in Montana and later settled in Minnesota. Tristram’s brother, James, died in Oregon Territory when Tristram was only 12 years old. The lure of rich mining claims and free land probably had an influence. Perhaps he saw himself getting older and wanted an adventure before he died. It will likely never be known with certainty why he took such a huge risk, but contemplating his reasons projects the reader back in time to an exciting era of United States history. A time which will never be equaled.

(sources: 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1930 Federal Census records; 1855, 1865 Massachusetts State Census records; Bailey Genealogy: James John and Thomas, and their Descendants in Three Parts by Gertrude E. Bailey, 1899; birth, marriage & death records for Tristram’s grandparents, parents & siblings in Massachusetts; birth, marriage & death records for Pamelia and her parents, grandparents & great grandparents in Massachusetts; birth, marriage and death records for Tristram B. Bailey, Pamelia Frye, Mary A. Townsend and their children in Massachusetts; various birth, marriage & death records for James H. Bailey’s children in MT, ID & WA; school census records for Butte [Butte Public Archive] & Lewistown, MT; Lewistown Cemetery records; land records and deed from the Butte & Anaconda courthouses; newspaper articles from Boston & Lawrence, MA; newspaper articles from The Butte Miner and The New Northwest; City Directories for Lawrence, MA, Butte, MT & Portland, OR; Civil War draft registration for Andover, MA; family photograph of James & Julia Bailey)

[Story written and shared by Tristram’s descendant Barbara S – comments and connections will be forwarded back to her.  Barbara and I are probably about 7th cousins through the Blood surname, which is an ancestor in my Hodges tree.]

Albert Warren Smith and Lucinda Priscilla Stone – Updated

Albert Warren Smith was born 2 September 1843, the second son of Joseph and Harriet (Newell) Smith, in Ipswich MA. Joseph was a cordwainer, which is a shoemaker. The index lists his middle name as Marion, but I believe this was a transcription error from Warren. The 1850 census says “Warren”. Joseph had a brother Warren who died as an infant, and his adopted daughter Josie Smith’s first son was Albert Warren Hodges.

Albert is in the 1860 census at home with his parents, occupation is brick mason. I found no records to indicate that he served in the Civil War.

Albert moved to Lynn MA. On 25 December 1867, he married Lucinda Priscilla Stone, daughter of William and Mary (Hodges Lewis) Stone. Since our Hodges family came from Ireland, and didn’t start moving to Massachusetts until later than this, I do not believe we are related to this branch of Hodges family – at least back to Europe. All subsequent records for Albert indicate that he lived the rest of his life in Lynn.

I had originally believed that Albert and Lucinda Priscilla had no children of their own, but with the release of new records at, I found that not to be the case. Their first child was Willie A, born 6 February, and died 25 August 1869 in Lynn. Willie’s cause of death was listed as teething. Teething used to be considered a cause of death, as many children died in the first year of life, the same time as teething occurs. In retrospect, some “teething” deaths may be what we would now call SIDS. Also, the treatment for teething sometimes involved lancing the gums with an instrument, or even a mother’s fingernail, to allow the teeth through, and this lancing may have led to infection. Rather than fever from teething, Willie may have cholera infantum, perhaps from drinking contaminated milk.

In 1870, Albert and Lucinda’s census record indicates that their real estate was valued at $2000, with personal property listed at $600. This would include household belongings as well as his tools from his work as a mason.

The second son, Lewis A, was born about January 1 1871, and the third son, Fred S, was born 14 April 1872. Both boys died on 22 July 1872, of cholera infantum. The fourth son, Charles W, was born about 23 May, and died 18 August, 1874. His cause of death was also cholera infantum. While having two children die the same day of the same disease might indicate contagion, in fact, this was a noncontagious disease, usually occurring in summer or autumn. It was common among the poor and in hand-fed babies. These babies were often fed mixtures of bread or flour and water, sometimes with cow’s milk which might be infected or vitamin deficient. The later development of nutritionally balanced food and proper disinfection in milk production and baby bottles greatly reduced infant mortality. A fifth son, apparently not named, was stillborn on the one-year anniversary of baby Charles’ death – 18 August 1875. A sixth son was stillborn on 14 September 1876.

The Smith family lived on Larrabee Court and Albert continued his work as a mason. Because all six boys were born and died between censuses, I did not know of their existence until this group of Massachusetts death records was released. All were buried at Pine Grove Cemetery in Lynn.

The 1880 census lists Albert and Lucinda living at 7 Larrabee Street. His occupation was listed as brick mason. Sometime after the 1880 census, Albert’s niece Josie (daughter of George) came to live with them. In 1886 and 1887, they lived at #1 Stone place. Lucinda died 28 September 1887, and is buried at Pine Grove Cemetery in Lynn. Her cause of death was apoplexy, which today would probably be called a stroke. She was only 43.

A year later, on 5 September 1888, Albert married Mary Elizabeth Thompson, ex-wife of Amos Breed, and daughter of Robert Thompson and Lydia Newhall. They lived at 5 Stone Place. They were there through 1890, but by 1893, were living at 119 Holyoke. The 1894 Lynn city directory lists Albert Smith as a trustee at the South-Street Methodist Church – his adopted daughter Josie’s husband Frank Hodges was later trustee at that same church. Josie’s soon to be husband lived in the adjacent house. The 1900 census, and Lynn city directories continue to list Albert W Smith, mason, at 119 Holyoke, through the 1906 edition, which documented his death on 3 August 1905. Albert died of stomach cancer, and was buried at Pine Grove Cemetery.

Albert’s widow Mary moved to 25 Walnut street, and was listed in the city directory as late as 1919. The 1920 Lynn city directory reported that Mary died 29 April 1919. Her death certificate shows that her cause of death was malignant disease of the liver, and she was also buried at Pine Grove Cemetery.

Diadamia Amelia Taylor Gould 1873 – ? after 1940

Diadamia Taylor was born 1 February 1873 in Ayesford, Nova Scotia, the 8th child and first daughter of George William Taylor and Diadamia Hodges.  She joined older brothers John Howard, George Wesley, Fletcher C, Archibald C, Robert Whitfield (who died as an infant), Robert Freeman, and Richard Washington.  Her sister Martha was born 2 ½ years later.  Diadamia’s father was a farmer, and Baptist, but according to the 1881 census, her mother and all the children were Methodists.  They lived in the South part of Aylesford Township.

Diadamia’s father George died 25 January, 1882, when she was only 9.  She was listed as an heir of his, with middle initial “A”.

On 28 January, 1890, in Northborough, Massachusetts, Amelia Taylor, age 17, domestic, of Millville Nova Scotia, married Leonard Gould, 28, laborer, also of Millville.  Both were residents of Westborough MA at the time of the marriage.  Amelia’s parents were George and Damia (Hodges) Taylor and I am sure that Amelia is Diadamia.   She was actually a few days short of her 17th birthday.  Leonard’s sister Anna Laura had married Amelia’s brother Robert four years earlier.

James Leonard Gould was born about 1862 in Millville, NS, son of David Gould and Catherine Murphy.  David was a farmer, and the family was Methodist, according to the 1871 census.  In 1881, James worked as a servant for the family of Jonathan C Hodges, Amelia’s uncle.

Leonard and Amelia had three children, all born in Westborough, MA.  Ida Ramond was born 13 June 1892.  James Leonard Jr, was born 28 August 1894 but died five months later of bronchitis.  Milledge Leonard was born 8 Aug, 1898.  Leonard (the father) was always listed as a laborer, but the birth records did not specify the type of work.

The 1900 census lists the family at 26 Florence Street in Marlborough, MA.  Leonard’s occupation is listed as shoemaker (bottomer), and he listed his birthday as June 1864, which is two years off the age from the 1871 census.

It appears that Leonard and Amelia divorced sometime in the next few years.  In 1910, Amelia was listed as divorced, living at 54 Mechanic Street in Marlborough.  She had a boarder, but no family members living with her.  She worked as a stitcher in a shoe factory.  Daughter Ida had married Freeman George Ferguson in Halifax, NS in 1907, when she was just 15.  Ida’s son George was born ten months later, but died at age 6 weeks.  The 1910 census shows Ida and Freeman in Marlborough, where he worked as a sausage maker in a sausage factory, and Ida was a folder in a shoe factory.  Amelia’s son Milledge was 11, and boarding with sisters Fannie and Hattie Jennings in Thompson, Connecticut.  I do not know of any connection between Amelia and the Jennings sisters, who were sewers in a woolen mill.  Leonard moved back to Nova Scotia, and in 1911, was boarding with Aaron Hodges, his wife’s cousin.

The 1915 New York State Census lists Amelia’s son Milledge, age 15, as a prisoner at the New York House of Refuge, a juvenile reformatory on Randall Island, near Manhattan.  The “permanent address” listed on the census is 54 Mechanic Street, Marlborough, MA.  His occupation was listed as “school”.  Looking through the other names on the sheet, it appears that those 16 and under were in school, while the 17- and 18-year-olds had jobs or training such as bakery, waiter, tailoring, plumbing, or office work.  Milledge was the only person on that page not from New York, except for one from New Jersey.  I wonder how he ended up incarcerated so far from home, at such a young age.  Early stories from the reformatory dating back to the 1860s tell of a boy being whipped to the point that he died a few days later.  I hope that this reformatory had itself reformed by 1915.  It was still in use in the early 1930s, but the Island has been turned over to the NY Parks and the institution closed.

In 1919, Amelia’s ex-husband Leonard, calling himself a widower, married Grace Porter (widow of Ingersol Lightfoot).  They had a daughter Delia, born in 1920, and a stillborn daughter Jennie, born in 1923.  Grace married again in 1933, identifying herself as a widow, so Leonard apparently died between 1923 and 1933.

In 1920, Amelia lived at 98 Mechanic Street in Marlborough, boarding with an older lady.  She listed herself as divorced, and was a stitcher at a shoe factory.  I have not yet located Amelia’s daughter Ida in the 1920 census, but I suspect that she was separated or divorced by then, as Freeman and their son John were living in Nova Scotia with Freeman’s father, according to the 1921 Canada census.  Amelia’s son Milledge was living at 67 Fairmount in Marlborough, with his wife Margaret.  Both were shoemakers.  I have not further identified Margaret.

According to city directories, some time between 1925 and 1929, Amelia moved to Newark New Jersey.  She lived at 428 Plane, and listed herself as widow of Leonard J.  In today’s terms, it would have been more correct to say ex-spouse, but it is also possible that he had really died by 1929.  Amelia did not have an occupation listed.  Her son, Milledge, shoemaker, and daughter Mrs. Ida Ferguson also lived at 428 Plane.

In 1930, Amelia was listed in the census living in Newark.  The household included son Milledge, daughter Ida and her son John, and four unrelated boarders.  Milledge was a waiter in a restaurant and was listed as married, although no wife was listed.  Ida listed herself as widowed, but was actually divorced.  She worked as an operator at a dress factory (probably operating machines, not phones) and her son John, age 18, was a mechanic at a dress factory.

It appears that Milledge and Margaret might have had a daughter, Pearl, born about 1924 in Marlborough.  The 1930 census lists a person matching this description living at the Protestant Foster Home in Newark.  She is listed as “half orphan”.  This building was erected in 1875 and is now on the National Register of Historic Places.  The 1893 Newark City Directory says it “receives orphans, half orphans, and friendless children.”   A blog which shares stories of former residents says that (as of 1940) the life was very structured but children were never mistreated.  They attended school, church, did chores, and had play time.  I hope that Pearl found the living conditions to be as benevolent.

In 1940, Amelia’s family was together again, still living at 428 Plane.  Amelia was a housekeeper at a rooming house.  Milledge was a government worker (laborer) on a wood-cutting project, and his daughter Pearl lived with them (no occupation).  Ida’s son John and his wife Laura were also in the household.  John was a government worker (laborer) on the state highway.  Ida Ferguson was a packer in a factory that made drugs and creams.

I have not yet found death records for Amelia, her daughter Ida, nor her son Millege.  Ida’s ex-husband Freeman Ferguson apparently stayed in the Marlborough MA area, and died there in June 1967.  Their son John died in 1996 in Florida, but I don’t know what happened to John’s wife Laura.  I don’t know what happened to Millege’s wife Margaret, or their daughter Pearl.

Lt. Col. Fredrick Ellis Jones, MD

Fred Jones was born about 1873, in Quincy, Massachusetts, son of Frederick L Jones and Alice C Richardson.  Fred’s father was a granite manufacturer and Civil War veteran.  Some family trees on line list his mother as Alice Ellis, but Fred’s marriage record, and the birth records of his brothers, both name the mother as Richardson.  

Fred enlisted in the Army on 6 July 1891, and served in the 5th Infantry, Company K, discharging 30 September 1892.  

Fred attended Harvard University, and received his Doctor of Medicine degree in 1897.   On 2 June, 1898, Fred married Clara Louise Graham, daughter of John R Graham and Mary E B Penniman, born 27 October 1873 in Quincy.  Their first daughter, Dorothy Brooks, was born 9 October, 1899. 

The 1900 census lists the family at 52 Hancock street.  Fred was working as a physician.  The family was well enough off that they had a servant.  The record shows that Clara has had one child, with one child still living.  The second daughter, Ruth, was born later that year, on October 20th.  Daughter Clarice was born 20 February, 1902.  Sadly, the first daughter, Dorothy, died 8 April 1903, of meningitis.  The first son, Graham, was born 23 October 1903, followed by Virginia, just over a year later, on 20 December 1904.  Virginia lived less than a year, dying 21 August 1905, of gastroenteritis and marasmus since birth.  Marasmus is severe malnutrition caused by the lack of calories, sometimes caused by a metabolic deficiency causing the child to be unable to use the calories provided, because of disease or parasitic infection.

On 25 April 1906, another daughter, Alice Marie (sometimes called Mary Alice) was born.   

Fred re-enlisted in the Army, and the Annual Reports of the Adjutant General of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts for the next couple decades make references to Dr. Jones.  It reported that he was commissioned as an assistant surgeon and 1st Lieutenanant on 7 Nov 1906.  He was associated with the Fifth Regiment Infantry. 

Fred and Clara’s second son, Brooks, was born about 4 November 1907, but died 8 April 1908, of marasmus and convulsions.

On 21 March, 1910, Fred was commissioned as a major in the Medical Corps.  The 1910 census lists the family living at 1569 Hancock, where Fred’s occupation was physician in general practice.  The record indicates that Clara has had 7 children, with 4 still living.  The four in the census are Ruth, Clarice, Graham, and Marie, with the deceased children of course being Dorothy, Virginia, and Brooks.  The household includes a servant, and Clara’s brother John. 

The Adjutant General’s report for the year 1912 names Major Frederick E Jones in 5th Regiment, Infantry Medical Corps.

Quincy vital records show that Fred and Clara had a stillborn daughter, after a difficult delivery, on 9 July 1914.  As far as I know, this was their last child. 

The 1916 Adjutant General’s report documents that Fred served in the Mexican border conflict from 19 June to 31 October, 1916.  The Mexican Border War was military engagements along the border during the Mexican Revolution, starting in 1910.  The height of the conflict was Pancho Villa’s attack on Columbus, New Mexico in March of 1916.  The Boston Globe reported on 26 June 1916 that three brothers from Quincy were in service there: Surgeon Major Frederick E Jones, and his brothers Capt. Walter C Jones, and Lt. Albert M Jones. “Major Jones is one of the best-known medical men in the Massachusetts Militia.  He has been a lecturer for Massachusetts men who trained last year at the officers’ camp in Plattsburg.  He is the medical examiner for this city [Quincy], Milton, and Randolph.” 

Besides being a physician, Fred became involved in death investigations.  The El Paso Post Evening Globe of 13 October1916 reports that he was serving as Division Surgeon, assigned to Camp Cotton at El Paso, Texas, and was investigating an incident where a guard shot a prisoner.

After his posting in Texas, Fred was attached to the Twenty-Sixth “Yankee” division of the American Expeditionary Forces during the World War.  After their return, a 1919 parade and ceremonies honoring the Division included the publication of The Book of Salutation to the Twenty-Sixth Division, which mentions Dr. Jones, and can be read on line at

On 22 March, 1919, the Fitchburg Daily Sentinel reported that Major Frederick E Jones, of the 101st Sanitary Train was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. 

The 1920 census lists the family at 1150 Hancock.  Fred was a physician in general practice, and the household included Fred, Clara, Ruth, Clarice, Graham, Mary A, and a servant.  Graham died two years later, according to the date on his headstone (see at Find-A-Grave.)

The 1930 census lists the family still at 1150 Hancock.  Fred continued his work as a physician with his own practice, and the record confirms his military service as “Mex and WW”.  The only child still at home was Clarise, an interior decorator, and the family had the same maid as in 1920.  Fred also continued his work as a Medical Examiner, investigating deaths, and as such, he shows up in area newspapers.  For example, the Lowell Sun on 2 May 1932 p 14 reported on a triple death scene, and Fred and the police were quoted as saying that they thought it was a double homicide with a suicide, but couldn’t explain why the gun found had only one bullet shot from it.  Fred was reappointed as Medical Examiner in October of 1934, for the Third Norfolk district. 

Fred died 29 September, 1937. 

Former Y. D. Major Dead

QUINCY, Sept.29—Dr. Frederick M. Jones, medical examiner of Southern Norfolk county for 33 years and war-time major in the medical corps, 26th (Yankee) division, A. E. F. died in a hospital today at the age of 64.  Dr. Jones was chief medical officer of the old 5th Massachusetts Infantry and served with that unit at El Paso, Tex., during the Mexican border campaign in 1916. He was transferred to the 101st infantry at the outbreak of the World war. He was graduated from Harvard Medical school in 1897 and was a member of the staff at Quincy City Hospital until 1934.    [Lowell Sun 29 September 1937 p 11. ]

 AMA Journal 12-11-1937, Vol 109 Number 24, page 2003:   Frederick Ellis Jones, Quincy, Mass.; Harvard University Medical School, Boston, 1897; member of the Massachusetts Medical Society ; served during the World War ; formerly health officer; aged 64; on the staff of the Quincy City Hospital, where he died, September 29, of chronic interstitial nephritis and mesenteric thrombosis.

During the Armistice Day celebrations in 1937, an area at the intersection of Hancock and Washington Streets in downtown Quincy, was named Lt. Col. Frederick E Jones Square.  I don’t know if this area still exists under that name.  I was not able to find reference to it except in the original news article.  

In 1940, Clara was still living at 1150 Hancock, with her youngest daughter Alice Marie Jones Thomas and family.  According to Find-A-Grave entries, Clara died in 1959.  Unless the houses were renumbered, their home at 1150 Hancock probably no longer exists, replaced by a 4-story office building constructed in 1984.

Charles Neuth McKeown and Annie Florence Hardwick

Charles McKeown was born 7 August 1879, in Brickton, near Lawrencetown, Annapolis county, Nova Scotia. He was the third and last child of William B McKeown and Rebecca Lavinia Hodges.  He had two older sisters, Minnie Blanche (1866-1926) and Hattie Ann (1868-1936). 

Charles grew up in the Clarence and Lawrencetown area. These are two small towns only 6 miles apart.  Although some records say Clarence and some say Lawrencetown, it is possible that the family did not move, as an article about the 50th wedding anniversary of his parents says that they lived most of the time in one place. The 1881 census lists the family in Clarence, describing them as Baptists, of Irish descent.  By the time of the 1891 census, Charles’ two sisters have married and moved out, but the household includes his cousin Nellie Ewing, daughter of Rebecca’s deceased sister, Tamsen.  In 1901, Charles was still living with his parents, and his now divorced sister Minnie was in the household as well.  Charles’ father was probably relatively prosperous, as each of these census records had what appears to be hired help counted with the family. 

On 25 October, 1905, in Bear River, Charles married Annie Florence Hardwick, daughter of George Hardwick and Elizabeth McNeil.  The Bear River Telephone reported on Friday, October 27, 1905, that ” A very pretty house wedding took place at the residence of George Hardwick on Wednesday, when his only daughter Annie Florence married Charles North McKeown of Lawrencetown.   Reverend Hemmeon officiated.  The couple will live at Lawrencetown.” Although a later delayed birth registration lists her as born 12 September 1889, the 1891 census lists her as age 7, so she was most likely born in 1884.  She was from Lequille, just outside Annapolis Royal, and her father was a farm laborer who later had his own farm.    

The 1911 census lists Charles now as the head of the household, with his wife Florence, and his parents living with him.  Charles was a farmer.  Charles and Florence had at least one son, George William McKeown, born 1 Dec 1911 in Brickton, in Annapolis county.  Brickton is another small community by Lawrencetown.

On 10 April, 1916, Charles enlisted in the Canadian armed forces.  His occupation at that time was railway section man.  His attestation papers say that he had served in the Kings County Hussars.  He was 36 years old, 5’7”, 150 pounds, fair complexion, with blue eyes and gray hair.   Charles served in the Canadian Forestry Corps, 54th District, and Canadian Infantry 219th Battalion.  The 219th was a unit of the Canadian Expeditionary Forces.  The Forestry Corps was created when it was discovered that huge amounts of wood were needed for the war effort.  The British recognized that Canadians were the most qualified in the British Empire for harvesting timber, and they were brought to Europe to cut forests in England, Scotland, and France.  Although they were not usually in combat, many were killed or injured when working around power saws, in mills, and during transport. 

Charles died on 30 May 1918, of accidental injuries in a mill.  Charles died at the Chichester  War Hospital, and he was buried at Chichester Cemetery in Sussex, England.  He was commemorated on the Bridgetown, Nova Scotia war memorial. 

Florence continued to live in the area, but travelled to the US.  Records show her arriving in Boston, from Yarmouth, on 15 September 1935, on the Evangeline.  On 12 November, 1935, she married widower Almon Leonard Stinson, in Yarmouth.  The next day, she and Almon were recorded as crossing the border from Canada into the US at Calais, Maine.   Her delayed record of birth was filed on 4 November – perhaps she needed a birth record for her second marriage, or as identification for traveling across the border.  

In 1940, Florence and Almon lived in Lynn, MA, and the record indicates that they were in the same house in 1935.  Almon was a captain for the fire department.   Border crossing records indicate that Florence continued to travel back and forth between Lynn and Nova Scotia.  

Florence and Almon lived at #2 Wentworth Place in Lynn, in a duplex built in 1930.  The 1947 Lynn city directory says that they moved to Royal (Annapolis Royal) Nova Scotia.  Florence died 29 January 1956 in Clemensport, of a cerebral hemorrhage, and is buried at the United Church cemetery.  Almon died in June, 1961, and is buried with his first wife, at Pine Grove cemetery in Lynn, MA.

Charles and Florence’s son George married Muriel H Dukeshire on 21 November 1934.  They eventually moved to Hamilton, Ontario, at the west end of Lake Ontario.  George was an engineer, and Muriel worked as a stenographer and bookkeeper.  They lived at 74 Lorne, a small two-story house.  An on-line family tree says that George died in 1990.  Murial was listed in voter records as late as 1972, but I have no further information for them.

Stephen Hopkins 1581 – 1644

Stephen Hopkins was from Hampshire, England.  He married his first wife, Mary, and in the parish of Hursley, Hampshire; he and wife Mary had their children Elizabeth, Constance, and Giles all baptized there. 

Stephen Hopkins went with the ship Sea Ventureon a voyage to Jamestown, Virginia in 1609 as a minister’s clerk, but the ship wrecked in the “Isle of Devils” in the Bermudas.  Stranded on an island for ten months, the passengers and crew survived on turtles, birds, and wild pigs.  Six months into the castaway, Stephen Hopkins and several others organized a mutiny against the current governor.  The mutiny was discovered and Stephen was sentenced to death.  However, he pleaded with sorrow and tears.  “So penitent he was, and made so much moan, alleging the ruin of his wife and children in this his trespass, as it wrought in the hearts of all the better sorts of the company”.  He managed to get his sentence commuted.

Eventually the castaways built a small ship and sailed themselves to Jamestown.  How long Stephen remained in Jamestown is not known.  However, while he was gone, his wife Mary died.  She was buried in Hursley on 9 May 1613, and left behind a probate estate which mentions her children Elizabeth, Constance and Giles.

Stephen was back in England by 1617, when he married Elizabeth Fisher, but apparently had every intention of bringing his family back to Virginia.  Their first child, Damaris, was born about 1618.  In 1620, Stephen Hopkins brought his wife, and children Constance, Giles, and Damaris on the Mayflower(child Elizabeth apparently had died).  Stephen was a fairly active member of the Pilgrims shortly after arrival, perhaps a result of his being one of the few individuals who had been to Virginia previously.  He was a part of all the early exploring missions, and was used almost as an “expert” on Native Americans for the first few contacts.  While out exploring, Stephen recognized and identified an Indian deer trap.  And when Samoset walked into Plymouth and welcomed the English, he was housed in Stephen Hopkins’ house for the night.  Stephen was also sent on several of the ambassadorial missions to meet with the various Indian groups in the region.

Stephen was an assistant to the governor through 1636, and volunteered for the Pequot War of 1637 but was never called to serve.  By the late 1630s, however, Stephen began to occasionally run afoul of the Plymouth authorities, as he apparently opened up a shop and served alcohol.  In 1636 he got into a fight with John Tisdale and seriously wounded him.  In 1637, he was fined for allowing drinking and shuffleboard playing on Sunday.  Early the next year he was fined for allowing people to drink excessively in his house: guest William Reynolds was fined, but the others were acquitted.  In 1638 he was twice fined for selling beer at twice the actual value, and in 1639 he was fined for selling a looking glass for twice what it would cost if bought in the Bay Colony.  Also in 1638, Stephen Hopkins’ maidservant got pregnant from Arthur Peach, who was subsequently executed for murdering an Indian.  The Plymouth Court ruled he was financially responsible for her and her child for the next two years (the amount remaining on her term of service).  Stephen, in contempt of court, threw Dorothy out of his household and refused to provide for her, so the court committed him to custody.  John Holmes stepped in and purchased Dorothy’s remaining two years of service from him: agreeing to support her and child.

Stephen died in 1644, and made out a will, asking to be buried near his wife, and naming his surviving children.

Stephen is my 10th great grandfather.  The above biography is from, a very nice website that includes information about all the passengers.

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